Most of the dog keepers would acknowledge lack of understanding or maybe even an absence of accountability regarding hypertension or high blood pressure in dogs. Since, dogs don’t live the same high-stress lifestyle that most humans do and they’re not usually indulging in high-salt or high-fat diets, so why would they develop high blood pressure? Well, the answer may be a little more complicated than just lifestyle options.

One research showed that 93% of dogs with chronic kidney disorder suffers from high blood pressure. Other research cites that more than 60% of geriatric dogs (over 8 years old) also suffer from this usually silent condition. In humans, the most common cause of hypertension is called primary or essential, meaning that there is no underlying disease causing it. Dogs, on the other hand, most commonly develop secondary hypertension, which means that it is related with an underlying medical condition.

Blood pressure in humans is measured by slightly occluding an artery in an arm or leg. A stethoscope is then used to focus for the coming back of the pulse as the force is gradually released. This point is referred to as the systolic blood pressure, or the higher of the two numbers you will hear or read. Further, the force maintains to be discharged and when no pulse sounds are heard, that force is called the diastolic pressure. Blood pressure is then read as systolic over diastolic, for instance, 140 over 80. For dogs, the stethoscope is usually liable enough to hear the pulse sounds but it is actually not possible to find the diastolic pressure. Most veterinarians will normally record a pet’s blood pressure as the systolic count, or for instance, 180. Maximum veterinarians who use blood pressure quantification, use an ultrasonic probe to “hear” when the pulse comes back to the artery. The probe will then change that sign into an audible sound for the doctor. Professionals want both veterinarians and keepers to not be scared of a single high reading. The essential thing to keep in mind is that the results must be comparable.

Dogs usually suffer from secondary hypertension, or high blood pressure because of some underlying medical condition for example the extremely increasing acute kidney disorder in canines can progress to high blood pressure. Cushing’s disorder (an overproduction of cortisone by the body), and adrenal gland malignancy are other conditions that can lead to high blood pressure in dogs. With high blood force, blood vessels can begin to be thickened and extended and may ultimately tug and tear, becoming the reason for the bleeding. This may not be straight away noticeable, but as small vessels in the eye and in the kidneys start to be damaged, dogs will start to display medical symptoms. Signs of high blood pressure are usually unseen by the keeper. An abrupt or slow starting of blindness can be the single obvious symptom that your pet may have high blood pressure. High blood pressure can become worse with the existing kidney disorder, which can lead to bleeding in the brain, and will eventually influence every organ in the body.

Since high blood pressure usually result from one or more underlying medical conditions in our pets, therefore, treating the underlying medical conditions will usually control the high blood pressure. As with humans, for pets too very basic drugs are available to help enlarge blood vessels and decrease the force from the blood flow. However in addition to drugs, daily blood monitoring and blood force quantification will be extremely essential for the fitness of your pet. 


As human drugs speeds in the direction of an ever-expanding scope of science, the veterinary drugs are also aiming towards the same after the human drugs.

Advancements in human drugs seems to take place on a regular basis as research and recent technology accompanies new prospects and objective of treatment. Thus, veterinary drugs and therapy follows closely after. Within the past twenty years, new implements in diagnosis and clinical methods have extremely helped in extending a family pet’s or animal athlete’s life. But while these new sciences aims to complete their goals, they usually come with an intense cost.

When veterinarians started practicing twenty years ago, scalpel was their chief instrument in the surgery room. In present times, laser method have made it easy by shortening surgical pain and bleeding and reducing total surgery time. Endoscopy can release substances from a pet’s gastrointestinal tract and can bypass surgery at the same time. Arthroscopes and laparoscopes make joint and abdominal therapies as small procedures.

Developments in diagnosis such as ultrasound, echocardiography, and even MRI’s are starting to be more and more accessible in veterinary field. This means that sickness such as cancer that was once meant to be a critical diagnosis for pets are now considered as curable and usually with a good outcome. Muscle and bone complication that was once considered as the end of a career for equine and canine athletes can be diagnosed much earlier, usually before the animal has any sort of pain, so that treatment can be started before damaging trauma takes place.

Laser treatment provides a very strong beam of concentrated light that can cut past the tissue. It is exceptionally useful for very small and precise cuts for biopsies, eye therapy, and tumor removal. As the lasers on its own closes the blood vessels and nerve endings as it pierces, there is much less bleeding and pain. Many pet owners don’t mind the extra cost of laser procedures and ask questions about how laser can be useful for their pets in terms of the routine treatment procedures such as spays and neuters.

Ultrasound or “sonography” is another development that was once discovered at university veterinary hospitals as a valuable diagnostic procedure. Now the technology is considered as a major instrument in numerous veterinary practices. A tool referred to as a transducer gives away high frequency sound waves into an animal’s body and quantify and disturbs the patterns mirrored. A still or video image is made out on an examination screen. Ultrasound is not painful and is very safe on such delicate tissues like the eye, spinal cord, and fetuses. A special type of ultrasound referred to as echocardiography allows a veterinarian to exactly range the heart chambers and display heart valve operation which means much advanced diagnosis for common pet heart complications and more exact treatment.

Radio waves are also assisting veterinary dermatologists to inform and cure skin conditions in pets. Commonly used surgical means such as scalpel can alter or destroy delicate epidermal tissues, making the diagnosis even harder.



Even though so many of us are scare of it, we make trips to our dentist on daily basis to make sure our mouth is healthy and our smile glimmering. Advanced dental management for pets has also developed rapidly and our pets are getting advantage from a trip to their dentist. That’s true…braces for Boxers, crowns for Collies and a root canal therapy for a Rottweiler is a comprehensive day at the Veterinary Dentist!

Whenever we pay a visit to the dentist, we are not surprised when the doctor let us know that we require having dental x-rays done. But, listening to the similar thing from your veterinarian might leave you alarmed. You will wonder, how will the pet stand for x-rays without moving?

Digital dental x-rays have started to be more standard at veterinary practices now covering the entire country. As a large percentage of our pets suffer from gingivitis or even more advanced periodontal disorder, this method is essential for veterinarians and veterinary dentists.

Most people are not aware, but most of the pet’s tooth lies beneath the gum line where you cannot notice or find any disorder.  Dr. Jan Bellows, a Diplomate in the American Veterinary Dental College elaborates, “Sixty percent of the tooth lies beneath the gum line. As far as companion animals don’t speak (to tell us where the pain lies), x-rays assist the veterinarian find what’s below.”

Dr. Brett Beckman, prior President of the American Veterinary Dental Society agrees that “42% of cats and 28% of dogs have unseen dental complications that we would never detect in absence of x-rays.”  So, while you might think that your pet’s teeth are just normal and in healthy state, the chances are that he or she is in actual losing bone and other important structures that assist in keeping the tooth in its position.  The best way to do x-rays is when the pet is lying under a general anesthetic.

Beyond examining for disorder, dental x-rays are also done when it comes to breed specific issues.  Various breeds have crowded teeth or even permanent teeth that never emerge above the gum line.  Boxers, Bulldogs and other short faced breeds also suffer from same problem that misalign teeth.

In the long run, dental problems and pain can disturb the daily routine life of dogs.  X-rays can assist veterinary dentists discover the cracked or broken tooth of an operational police dog or locate a tooth that has delayed eruption for a show dog.

Fortunately, your veterinary dentist is well prepared to resolve these problems. Broken teeth can be fixed with the help of crowns and root canals.  As Dr. Kenneth Lee, a veterinary dentist in Colorado claims, “Dog’s canine teeth extend well below the gum line and usually are associated with the jaw bone. Removing these teeth can result in acute pain of the jaws.”

For genetic complications, complete oral treatment and even braces are now available. It’s even possible to help offset the pain of serious dental condition.

Understanding the necessity of your pet’s dental care is a huge initial step for maximum pet keepers. Your pet doesn’t have to go through pain from dental problems and you don’t have to bear “doggy smell”.  Making a dental treatment plan with your veterinarian will not just avoid dental problems, but may put to end other health complications as well.

The initial step is to have your veterinarian do a comprehensive oral examination on your pet. Identify any areas of excessive tartar build-up and any other issues, such as broken teeth, bleeding gums or ulcerations in the mouth.

Further, if accurate, plan a thorough dental cleaning with your veterinarian.  Done under general anesthetic, cleaning will remove the tartar and plaque and will decrease bacteria that become the reason for severe sickness, such as heart disorder. Conducting digital x-rays permits the veterinarian to find what is beneath the gum line, a critical step in avoiding future dental complications.

After cleaning of teeth, your veterinarian may use an obstructive sealant to aid repel plaque-causing bacteria. This great tech – low cost – sealant gel is soothing to apply on at home and will assist avoid next build-up of plaque and tartar.

Home management is an important piece of the treatment plan for continuing to keep your pet’s dental health. From daily brushing to unique sprays, chew toys and even an obstruction sealant like OraVet, your veterinarian can help in making your pet’s teeth healthy.  Some foods are even made to assist remove plaque build-up!  The good part is that these products not only remove plaque and freshen up breath, they also might help your pet live a few years longer.



Retroviruses such as Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) can be harmful to your cat. More disturbing about it is that numerous cat keepers are not aware of these two important and very risky feline disorders. Hidden by the body’s defense system, retroviruses can continue to be inactive for months or even years. These viruses have RNA as their inherited substance but have an ability to change RNA into DNA, and transferring DNA into the host’s genome. Other retroviruses consist of HIV, the cause behind human AIDS.

As the AIDS virus, FeLV and FIV interrupt the host’s immune system, resulting in the cat being more sensitive to usual conditions. Feline Leukemia is a very contagious disease and is associated with more sickness and even death of cats than any other infectious disease. Even though not really a cancer, it can become the reason for various kinds of cancer in your cat. FeLV is considered to be a “social contact” disorder commonly that can spread through close contact between two cats, such as grooming or sharing water bowls. Pregnant or nursing cats can spread the infection on to their kittens as well. Research evaluates the existence of FeLV in the United States at two to three percent of the total cat population; turning out that to be 1.5 to 2.5 million cats that can spread the infection.

The FIV infection is less prevalent but still may spread among almost one million cats in North America. Usually it can spread through bites for example, fights between non-friendly cats. Yet, it must be taken into account that neither of these disorders is spread from cats to humans.
Cats having either of these infections may not present any symptoms of sickness. In fact, since these infections can remain inactive in the cat’s cells, many cats can go years lacking any evident signs. This can be a problem when new cats are introduced into the household, or if your cat travels away from home for a few days. The American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) suggests examining cats daily. Examination is a way of avoiding or preventing transmission of both disorders. Any ill cat must be examined, nevertheless of any adverse outcomes from previous examination.

Fortunately, there is good news. First, both of these infections can’t live outside the body for long span of time, making transmission from the surrounding impossible. Second, it is very likely for cats with either disorder to survive for many years. Ultimately, in some situations, various kinds of injections can help to avoid the spread of these disorders. Prior vaccine recommendations have reduced the occurrence of FeLV and recent recommendation encourage examination and wellness protocols over any vague vaccination. Even though the AAFP strongly suggests examining cats for both disorders prior to injections, the retrovirus injections must be given to cats that are in risk for FeLV or FIV. Your veterinarian will assist you make the accurate decision regarding the requirement to vaccinate your feline friend. You can see all the suggestions at



To almost all pet keepers, the coming back of spring is a joyful time. The opportunity to spend a quality time with your pet in the open air can be very exciting. Just be careful to look out for some sneaky creatures waiting to feast on your pet’s blood.

Everyone is completely aware of the fact that fleas can become the reason of irritation for our pets, as well as troublesome mosquitoes can spread heartworm diseases to your pets. But one more complicated parasite that shows up in the spring weather and remains there until the time about October is the tick – and they can become the reason for acute complications.

There are about 850 known breeds of ticks on the earth and these ancestors of spiders can be found as parasites on mammals, birds, and even reptiles. Here in the United States, dog and cat keepers have less than a dozen breeds to deal with, but all of these ticks can keep a diversity of severe disorders, such as tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disorder.

Adult ticks will rise to the crown of a blade of grass or the surface of a leaf lying on the ground and wait for their potential host. This “questing” behavior puts them in the ideal position to feel movement, heat, and even carbon dioxide. Responding to these stimuli, the tick will attach onto the present host.

Once on the pet, the tick will start to feed. The tick’s mouth parts are created to make elimination of tick from the host tough. Their barbed feeding tube has many reverses facing projections and an object generated in the tick’s salivary glands that really sticks the tick in position. Some ticks can feed on 200 to 600 times their body weight in blood. It is at the time this blood meal that ticks can spread a number of diseases to their host.



What does cancer means? 

The terminology cancer means uncontrolled development of cells.  Any sort of cells in the body can begin to be cancerous. Cancer can involve any tissue of the body and have many different forms in each body area. Most cancers are named for the type of cell or organ in which they start. If a cancer spreads (metastasizes), the new tumor bears the same name as the original (primary) tumor. Wherever these cells enter they can develop new malignancies.  This process keeps on going until the time there is not adequate amount of normal tissue left to conduct general bodily functions. There are various factors that affect how speedily cancer may develop or expand: type of cancer cell, position, genetics, as well as any concurrent sickness a person may have.

Why does cancer happen?

While there are numerous research papers shared for deciding and finding out the reasons behind cancer, a lot regarding the same is yet undiscovered.  It is obvious that factors like genetics; an exposure to hazardous particles or objects, wounds or bruises, and advanced age can make a person very susceptible to this disease.


Routine physical examination and overall medical testing are usually the key mechanism to detect or find cancer. Fragments of any unusual tissue must be examined by a pathologist to decide the type of malignancy and stage of cancer.  A pathologist’s report, along with other reports such as X-rays, ultrasound, and lab work helps examine the affected person’s state of health and decide the best treatment options/ plan.

Treatment or Cure

There are various types of cancer remedies: surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or any combination of these remedies.  The important thing is to damage the abnormal cells while not damaging the normal ones.  Veterinary oncologists and veterinarians that have expertise in research and treatment of cancer, can be interacted with to help decide what treatment would be the best for the affected person.


Cancer is not all the time a life threatening disease. Earlier detection and correct treatment are very important in managing the disease. Modern innovations in diagnosing and more useful remedies are being invented all the time.


Every year almost 5 million dog bites are reported all over North America and it is very rare when a dog attack is not reported on the daily nightly news. However, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, veterinarians and their technicians make up a very small percentage of those bites in spite of their obvious risk elements. To prevent being bitten by a dog what are the things we can learn from them?

Veterinarian and behaviorist, Dr. Kersti Seksel, recommends that being aware of a dog’s warning signs can help people prevent the dog’s teeth. Almost everyone knows that a dog growling and showing his teeth is aggressive and hostile and would likely to bite, but other warning signs might be less certain and could be like raised hackles, apprehension and tension, and even a slowly wagging tail. It is known that veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and other veterinary staff can quickly read the dog’s body dialect and manage their movements and actions in accordance with the same.

But not every dog behaves in a similar way. Some dogs are being punished for growing and barking and thus may provide little to no warning signs before attacking someone.

Future dog owners should have complete research and knowledge about their desired dog breed and then should take the time and efforts to attend puppy socialization and even obedience classes. Consider educating your children about the same, if you have children in your home. Teach children to stand still, keeping eyes down and remain quiet, if they find the dog’s behavior unusual. Even if the dog owner is present, children must never run towards a strange dog. Educate children to ask the dog owner before petting the dog to avoid potential dog bite circumstances.


Judging how much to feed your pet can be difficult because of the large variation in the food requirements between different pets. Even pets of the same weight and breed can have very different food requirements. All pet foods have feeding guides, and these are a great place to start, but sometimes you need to make adjustments based on your individual pet. A feeding guide should reflect the energy requirements of your individual cat or dog, because the golden rule of nutrition is you eat to meet your energy requirement. Eat too little and pets become thin, eat too much and pets become fat. Any deviation in your pets’ energy requirement is reflected in their food requirement, because the two are directly connected. There are many different reasons why your pets’ energy requirements may vary. Here we will explain some of those reasons and help you determine how much to feed your pet.

 One Size Does Not Fit All
The weight and breed of your pet affects their energy requirement, and therefore the amount of food they need. This is especially true for dogs, due to their wide range of breeds & weights. Feeding guides try to take into account differences due to weight, but there is still scientific debate on which energy equations are the best to use to account for variation in weight. Different breeds of the same weight can have very different energy requirement. A good example are Newfoundland dogs which have a much lower energy requirement than other dogs of a similar weight. Activity level will also affect energy requirement, but the greatest variation of all is a cat’s or dog’s individual variation in body metabolism. Just like us, some dogs and cats have a low body metabolism and therefore lower energy requirements. These pets seems to put on weight very easily, while other dogs and cats have a high metabolism and can pack away the food without putting on weight.

So how do you know how much to feed your pet?
Look at the feeding guides to get an estimate of how much food to start feeding your cat or dog, then look at your pet’s body condition to judge if the amount of food needs to be adjusted up or down.

Here are 2 ways to quickly tell if your pet is getting too much or too little food:

  • Check the ribs. With short-haired pet you should see some outline of the ribs, but the ribs are not predominant. In long-haired pets you should be able to feel the ribs under their coat, but not see their outline.
  • Check the waist. Like humans, the waist is the first thing to disappear when a pet gains too much weight. Both dogs and cats should have a narrowing between the ribs and the hind legs when seen from above, and a noticeable tuck when seen from the side. Cats often deposit more fat in the upper chest, so look and feel between their front legs.

We all eat to meet our energy requirements; your cat or dog will eat roughly the same amount of energy no matter what food you feed. For this reason, when changing or comparing foods, the best way to judge how much to feed of a new food is to start by measuring how much you are currently feeding. The better pet foods will tell you their energy content per cup, or per can of wet food. Use your current feeding rate and adjust for the difference in calories to know how much to feed of the new food.

For example: Your dog is eating 2½ cups a day of a food which has 400kcal/cup. Now you want to compare to another food that has 370 kcal/cup (less calories per cup). This means your dog would eat 2.5 x (400/370) = 2.7 cups of the new food.

Pudgy Puppies and Kittens
It is harder to judge how much to feed a puppy or kitten because their food requirements need to be adjusted up as they grow. The advantage of pups and kittens is because of their higher energy requirements; their body condition is quick to reflect if you need to adjust their food up or down. One problem with body condition scoring kittens and puppies is that we think they are adorable when slightly overweight. Remember, slightly overweight pups and kittens are cuter, slightly trimmer pups and kittens are healthier.

Did the adjustment in food work?
While you still need to check your pet’s ribs and waist, the quickest way to know if your adjustment is making a difference is to get on the scale. It’s easier to see a change in weight by weighing your pet versus judging their body condition, so if possible jump on that scale to measure changes in weight. Feeding requirements can change spaying, neutering or certain health issues are good examples of where feeding guides don’t always reflect the pets’ energy requirement. For example, spaying or neutering causes an almost immediate 25% decrease in energy requirement. If the amount of food provided is not decreased, this can result in a 20% increase in weight in just 4-5 weeks. After spaying or neutering, it is advisable to decrease your pets’ food intake by 25% and then monitor their body condition, readjusting as required.


While there are many theories on why dogs eat grass, there has never been any proof as to why dogs practice this behavior. A study of 1,694 owners with dogs that had eaten plants in the past showed the following results.

  • 90% of the dogs ate plants during the period of the study
  • 79% of the dogs ate grass
  • 10% ate fruits or vegetables
  • 1% vomited after eating grass, suggesting that dogs do not eat grass to induce vomiting

Multi-dog households reported a higher incidence rate of dogs eating plants, which could mean that it’s a learned behavior that one dog teaches the others.

In addition, no correlation was found between plant eating and the type of food fed, including raw diets, suggesting dogs do not consume plants due to a deficiency in their diet. Plant eating was also found to have no correlation with sex, breed, illness, parasites, medication, eating of other foreign objects or behavioral problems.

In another study observing wild wolves, grass was often found in their scat. This was long stem grass, not the short pieces of grass found in the digestive systems of the animals they were consuming. This should help dispel another myth that wild Canids eat the grass from in the stomach of their prey. While the visceral organs are the prime dish at the banquet, the visceral contents are usually avoided if possible.

The research suggests that grass eating appears to be a natural behavior for dogs and wolves. We do not know why they eat grass or other plants, but it is unlikely due to the existing myths given for this behavior.


Indoor Games To Play With Your Furry Friend

Dogs and cats were born to be athletes, workers and powerful hunters, but through thousands of years of evolution we have turned them into couch potatoes. How do we inject more activity, fun and playtime back into our pet’s lives? There are fun and easy ways to play with your pet that mimic natural behaviours and give them the exercise they need.  And the good news is that keeping your pet healthy, happy and out of trouble with daily exercise is a lot of fun!

Jump for joy!

cat treeCats and most dogs love to jump, so incorporate jumping games into your daily exercise. You can do this outside on your walks by having your dog jump up onto ledges or over small gaps. At home you can set up broom sticks and sturdy boxes for your dog to jump on or over. Just make sure that it is not higher than your dog’s elbows as this can cause strain on your dog’s joints. Training treats are perfect to entice jumping, or try bouncing a ball.

Cat trees make excellent jumping style play opportunities. Use treats to lure you cat up onto the post then jump back down. Reward this behavior with that treat. If the tree is close to your sofa, bed or pet safe counter/ledge try having them jump to these places. You will be surprised and amazed at how high your cat can jump!


This game promotes natural stalking behaviour in both cats and dogs. In the house hide behind a sofa, bed, desk, even in the shower and let your pet try to find you. To start, use a squeaker toy to help your dog track you down. The more you play this game, the less you will need to do for your pet to find you. Outside, even hiding behind a little tree will excite your dog when they run over to find you.

play-n-squeak wandCats are very crafty, so be alert. When you are playing hide and seek do not be surprised to suddenly be jumped on! When you are found, jump up and your cat will run off giving you a chance to find your next hiding place. Cats love this game, but if you are having trouble getting them interested try using a toy to get their attention. A feather or furry critter wiggling at the side of the sofa will do wonders.


chuckitFetch is a great game to play with your dog to wear them out. Dogs love to run, but you may not. Chuckit! Products are perfect for all games of fetch. They offer everything from the classic ball throw, water toys and even fetch toys for inside the house. Remember: a tired dog, is a happy and well-behaved dog!

Fetch may seem like a dog-centric game, but did you know you can also teach your cat to fetch? Try these easy steps with your cat:

  1. Select a toy that your cat loves, or even one they do not get all the time but love (like hair elastics – just make sure to monitor them with these types of items). Using a loved but usually restricted toy will instantly pique their interest in the game.
  2. Throw the toy. Most cats can’t resist chasing and attacking it, but bring it back? Not usually.
  3. Retrieve the toy from your cat.
  4. Go back to where you originally threw it from and lure the cat back over (a treat will help with this process).
  5. Repeat these steps until you see your cat catching on. Bear in mind, this may not happen the first time you play.
  6. Next step is to teach them to carry it back. Have the cat carry the toy as you lead them back over to the starting point.
  7. Play fetch! Cats are smart creatures so they will begin to see that there is something in this for them. You can also reward with treats upon completion of them bringing it back. (If the cat doesn’t readily carry the toy back to you, call their name, praise, and encourage them. If they still don’t seem ready to bring it back keep trying the above steps until they do)

Need to occupy your pet, but are a little busy?

Kong_xtreme-204x183Don’t feel bad! There are toys made for this. Food puzzles and interactive toys will exercise your pet’s brain and reinforce positive behaviour. These types of toys are great for when you are leaving them alone or have guests. Kong toys are perfect for occupying dogs. They can be stuffed with almost anything and even frozen with goodies in the summer. This toy will exercise their brain and also promote positive chewing.

Cats are born hunters, so give them the opportunity to work for their food or treats. Petsafe’s Slim Cat Ball can be chased and batted around and then reward for all that hard work with food!


Silicon Valley Pet Clinic’s Team is dedicated to providing our clients with the most beautiful smile together with the best pet protection available nowadays. Our Silicon Valley Pet Clinic is located at 3100 El Camino Real Santa Clara, CA 95051


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